Johannes Christiaan Karel Klinkenberg

Johannes Christiaan Karel Klinkenberg
14.01.1852 (The Hague, The Netherlands) - 23.04.1924 (The Hague, The Netherlands)

Nationality: Dutch



biography

Johannes Christiaan Karel Klinkenberg was born in The Hague on January 14, 1852 and died there on April 23, 1924. He attended the Academy of The Hague, where he was a pupil of marine painter Louis Meijer (1809-1866). Later he was under the tutelage of portrait and genre painter Christoffel Bisschop (1828-1904), who stimulated his interest and directed his talent towards the use of sunlight in his paintings.

Initially Klinkenberg painted landscapes and historical subjects, but from 1880 onwards he concentrated almost entirely on town views. He became renowned for his genius in depicting the effect of sunlight and shadow on the facades of buildings. He tended to paint cities with harbours and canals, such as Amsterdam, Rotterdam and Utrecht.

Most of his paintings, etchings and watercolours depicting town views are topographically very precise, making his works today not only brilliant masterpieces, but important historical documents as well. Much of Holland has been immortalized through his beautiful town views and he has often been called 'the Canaletto of The Netherlands'.

Klinkenberg won many prizes during his life; a gold medal at ‘Arti et Amicitiae’ in Amsterdam in 1875, a gold medal in Munich in 1888 and another gold medal in Paris in 1889. In 1909 he was named officer in the order of Orange-Nassau. He often signed his work with ‘Klinkenberg’ or ‘JCK’.


literature

F. van Dongen, 'Johannes Christiaan Karel Klinkenberg', Elsevier's Geïllustreerd Maandschrift 3 (1893) dl. 5, p. 113-128;
J. Gram, 'Johannes Christiaan Karel Klinkenberg', in: M. Rooses, Het Schildersboek, dl. 2, Amsterdam 1898, p. 117-133;
G.H. Marius, De Hollandsche schilderkunst in de negentiende eeuw, 's-Gravenhage 1920, p. 226;
N. van Harpen, 'J.C.K. Klinkenberg', Maandblad voor Beeldende Kunsten 1 (1924), p. 176-178;
H.C. de Bruijn, 'J.C.K. Klinkenberg (1852-1924): meer dan de meester van het zonnige stadsgezicht omstreeks 1900', Antiek 14, nr. 3, oktober 1979, p. 169-188;
H.C. de Bruijn, Johan Christiaan Karel Klinkenberg (1852-1924): gelaakt door de kunsthistorie - geliefd bij het publiek', Tableau (1986) 3, p. 78-81;
C. Stolwijk, Uit de schilderswereld. De Nederlandse kunstschilders in de tweede helft van de negentiende eeuw, Leiden 1998, p. 196;
W. Laanstra, 'J.C.K. Klinkenberg (1852-1924), de meester van het zonnige stadsgezicht', Kunst en Antiek Journaal, april 2000, p. 24-27;
D. Adelaar, M. Roding en B. Tempel, De Blijvende Verlokking. Kunstenaars uit de Lage Landen in Italië 1806-1940, Schiedam 2003, p. 135, 136;
M. Jonkman, E. Geudeker, Mythen van het atelier. Werkplaats en schilderpraktijk van de negentiende-eeuwse Nederlandse kunstenaar, Zwolle 2010, p. 81.


Exhibitions

'Tussen realisme en impressionisme. Aquarellen van meesters van de Haagse School', Eindhoven (Museum Kempenland ) 2000/2001;
'De schilders van Tachtig. Nederlandse schilderkunst 1880-1895', Amsterdam (Rijksmuseum / Van Gogh Museum) en Glasgow (The Burrel Collection), 1990-1991.


more about Johannes Christiaan Karel Klinkenberg

Artist's locations

view work by Johannes Christiaan Karel Klinkenberg

A View of the 'Groothoofd', Dordrecht

Dutch townview with bridge and two towers

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