Johannes Hendrik van Mastenbroek

Johannes Hendrik van Mastenbroek
04.12.1875 (Rotterdam, The Netherlands) - 16.11.1945 (Scheveningen, The Netherlands)

Nationality: Dutch



biography

Johan Hendrik van Mastenbroek was born in 1875 in Rotterdam and is known as the Impressionist of the New Time. He primarily painted atmospheric pictures of the Rotterdam harbor and his collected works document the technical progress and the rapidly increasing activity in the Rotterdam port.

Strongly inspired by Jacob Maris, Van Mastenbroek painted lofty, high cloud skies, which often widened the background above the water. He often painted outside in rainy weather and clearly enjoyed the beauty of the sky. Images full of mist and steam, set off by accents of warm grey tones and earthy colors heighten the sense of atmosphere in his paintings. 

The foreground of his paintings frequently show people at work in ports or on ships. His works are a remarkably accurate depiction of the busy daily activities of the harbor. First and foremost Van Mastenbroek was a painter of ports, though as a fervent hunter he also favored hunting scenes. He also had a special spot reserved in his heart for Rotterdam, and in 1931 painted his most important industrial series, a vast series of drawings and paintings showcasing the draining of the Zuiderzee. 


literature

C.L. Dake, Aanteekeningen over beeldende kunst, Utrecht 1915, p. 31 -33;
A. Glavimans, J.H. van Mastenbroek vertelt zijn herinneringen, Antwerpen 1946;
F. Leeman en H. Pennock, Museum Mesdag. Catalogue of paintings and drawings, Amsterdam /Zwolle 1996, p. 286;
Philipse-Paalman/Sillevis, Eeuwwisseling. Caldic Collectie, Rotterdam 2000, p. 84-87;
H.J. Kraaij, 'Johan Hendrik van Mastenbroek. Impressionist in de nieuwe tijd', Kunst & Antiek Journaal 10 (2005) 4, p. 6-7;
P. van Beveren e.a., Johan Hendrik van Mastenbroek. Impressionist in de nieuwe tijd, 2005;
J. Kerkhoven, 'De Zuiderzeewerken van J.H. van Mastenbroek. ingenieurschap in het nieuwe landschap', Land of Water. tijdschrift voor de toekomst, jrg. 1 (mei 2007), nr. 4, p. 20-57.


Exhibitions

'De Dijk. Zuiderzeewerken van J.H. van Mastenbroek', Enkhuizen (Zuiderzeemuseum) 2007;
'Johan Hendrik van Mastenbroek (1875-1945). Impressionist in de nieuwe tijd', Rotterdam (Kunsthal) 23 april t/m 11 september 2005;
'Panorama Rotterdam: Meesters aan de Maas', Rotterdam (Kunsthal) 2001;
'Dat gat mot dicht: 50 jaar afsluitdijk met schilderijen van J.H. van Mastenbroek', Harderwijk (Veluws Museum), 1982;
Salon de Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, Parijs, april 1931;
Salon de Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, Parijs (Orangerie van de Tuilleries), 23 mei 1930;   
'Vierjaarlijksche Tentoonstelling van Schilderijen, Aquarellen en Teekeningen, Grafische Kunstwerken en Beeldhouwwerken', Rotterdam (Academie van Beeldende Kunsten en Technische Wetenschappen), 26 mei-2 juli 1917;
'Tentoonstelling van Werken door J.H. van Mastenbroek', Rotterdam (Kunstzalen Unger & Van Mens) 1916. 


collections

Work by Van Mastenbroek is represented in diverse important collections, such as Museum Mesdag, The Hague, Caldic Collectie, Rotterdam, and the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam.

more about Johannes Hendrik van Mastenbroek

Artist's locations

view work by Johannes Hendrik van Mastenbroek

Boats on a River

The Harbour of Dordrecht

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