Bartholomeus Johannes van Hove

Bartholomeus Johannes van Hove
28.10.1790 (The Hague, The Netherlands) - 08.11.1880 (The Hague, The Netherlands)

Nationality: Dutch



biography

Bartholomeus Johannes van Hove was born in The Hague on October 28th, 1790. As a child he was trained by his father, who was a gilder and frame maker. Afterwards he took up an apprenticeship with Joannes Henricus Albertus Antonius Breckenheijmer (1772–1856), a painter of stage scenery. In 1812 he enrolled at the Koninklijke Academie van Beeldende Kunsten in The Hague. He succeeded Breckenheijmer as resident painter at the Hague Theatre, the Koninklijke Schouwburg, where he became renowned for his beautiful sets, some of which have been preserved (Amsterdam, Theatermuseum). Van Hove also produced easel paintings, chiefly townscapes with ample space for fantasy. One of his best works is the Garden at Gedempte Burgwal 34 in The Hague (1828; The Hague, Gemeentemuseum). This carefully constructed view displays skills learned in the theatre. Later in his career, in tune with general stylistic developments in Dutch art, detailed execution and subtle use of colour gave way to a looser touch and a greyer palette. The Gothic Gate (1841; Enschede, private collection, Edwina van Heek) and View on the Zieken in The Hague illustrate this shift. As well as his townscapes, mainly featuring complex and majestic churches, van Hove also painted church interiors (Church Interior, 1844; Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum).

He was a popular and capable teacher. The best-known of his pupils were Jan Hendrik Weissenbruch and Johannes Bosboom. Bartholomeus van Hove was one of the co-founders and the first chairman of the "Pulchri Studio" artists collective, a group of painters from the Hague who saw a growing discontent among young painters in the region over the inadequate possibilities for training and development. They wanted to give artists the opportunity to work after a model and discuss each others' work in frequently held meetings. Surprisingly, Pulchri Studio came into existence at the moment that the French Barbizon-painters did away with Symbolistic Classicism and were considered overly democratic, fifteen years before Courbet and Manet were refused by the Salon and no less than 25 years before the Parisian Impressionists started to make themselves known. Van Hove passed away in The Hague on November 8th, 1880, one and a half weeks after his ninetieth birthday.


literature

A. Boersma, 'Het zorgelijk leven van Bart van Hove', Bulletin Pulchri Studio 5 (1977) 4, pp. 9-13; 
H.E. van Gelder. 'Een kunstzinnige familie; nageslacht van Andreas van Hove', Die Haghe jaarboek 1950, pp. 11-24;
E.B.M. Lottman, 'De Haagse Tekenacademie. Haar bijdrage aan de bouwkundige vorming in de tweede helft van de achttiende en de eerste helft van de negentiende eeuw', Jaarboek Die Haghe 1984, p. 29-59; p. 58;
Cat.tent. Op zoek naar de Gouden Eeuw. Nederlandse schilderkunst 1800-1850, Haarlem (Frans Halsmuseum) 1986, cat.nr. 17, 18, p. 100-101;
B.C.M. van Hellenberg Hubar, 'Van Melencolia I tot creatieve weemoed : de personificatie van het beeld Bezieling in de topgevel van het Rijksmuseum', De Negentiende Eeuw 15 (1991), pp. 1-33;
C. Stolwijk, Uit de schilderswereld. De Nederlandse kunstschilders in de tweede helft van de negentiende eeuw, Leiden 1998, p. 60;
Cat.tent. Poëzie der werkelijkheid. Nederlandse schilders van de negentiende eeuw, Amsterdam (Rijksmuseum) 2000, cat nr. 43;
Michiel van der Mast, Tiny de Liefde-van Brakel, Tussen Fantasie en Werkelijkheid. De stadsgezichten van B.J. van Hove (1790-1880), Den Haag/Venlo 2012;


Exhibitions

Den Haag, Haags Historisch Museum, Fantasie en Werkelijkheid. De stadsgezichten van Bartholomeus Johannes van Hove, 28 Jan. - 29 Apr. 2012


collections

Work by B.J. van Hove is represented in the collections of diverse major Dutch museum, among others the Hague Gemeentemuseum, Centraal Museum in Utrecht and Museum Boymans Van Beuningen in Rotterdam.

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Artist's locations

view work by Bartholomeus Johannes van Hove

View of Deventer with the Lebuïnus Church

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